Known as “Las Mariposas,” Patria, Maria Teresa, and Minerva Mirabal were active members of the resistance movement dedicated to toppling the oppressive regime of dictator Rafael Trujillo in the Dominican Republic. The Mirabal sisters worked to distribute pamphlets, develop assassination plots, and gather weapons to be used in the stand against Trujillo. The sisters and their husbands were jailed multiple times throughout their lives for their resistance efforts until Patria, Maria, and Minerva were all tragically assassinated on Trujillo’s orders on November 25th. After their deaths, the Mirabal sisters were immortalized as leading figures in the movements for popular and feminist resistance in the Dominican Republic. As a result of their deaths, many foreign nations cut ties with the Dominican Republic, which increased the pressure on Trujillo’s horrific regime until he was assassinated and his regime toppled. In commemoration of the Mirabal sisters and their sacrifice, the United Nations designated November 25th as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
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